Engineering FM – Part 4

Time for the exciting fourth instalment of my ongoing series on engineering at a small community radio station launching an FM service for the first time. In this post I’m going to be looking (somewhat briefly) at processing.

There’s been a place for processors ever since radio has existed, to make sure that audio input to a modulator doesn’t exceed the modulator’s input limits without making the audio itself sound bad. This typically involved an automatic gain control circuit, or AGC. As time went by, these evolved into multiband AGCs, processing in typically four chunks for LF, LMF, HMF, and HF audio segments. Clippers and limiters were also used to protect equipment but as stations aimed for a competitive edge processors became used to make stations sound louder and punchier by maximising the amount of modulation used at any time. Continue reading Engineering FM – Part 4